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Helping the Child with Auditory Deficits - Strategies for Following Instructions

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Many learning disabled students have difficulty following directions and or instructions. Use this checklist to ensure that your strategies to deal with this deficit are optimized.

___ Use varying voice intonations.

___ Be aware of the range of learning styles - auditory, tactile, visual etc.

___ Be dynamic when you are presenting directions or instructions.

___ Clearly state your goals and ask them to be repeated by a student.

___ Use visuals, demonstration and modeling whenever possible.

___ Always summarize the key points.

___ Keep words to a minimum and maximize your visuals and modeling.

___ Use pauses and interjections to allow students time to process the information - paraphrase when you can.

___ Make use of frequent eye contact and touching. (Touching the student's shoulder helps with focus.

___ Introduce new concepts 1 at a time - avoid information overload.

___ Speak slowy and only when you have undivided attention. Pause to ensure you have the attention of everyone.

___ Student feedback and sharing should be ongoing.

___ Sentence structure should be simple and to the point.

___ Always activate prior knowledge from the students and relate the information to the child's environment - keep learning authentic.

___ Highlight key points with outlines, chart paper, in the student notes or on the board.

___ Provide students with ample opportunity to have misconceptions clarified, let other student clarify and repeat the objectives.

Many of the strategies here are employed by effective teachers on a regular basis. Sometimes it helps just to review the strategies to ensure that you are employing as many as you can. And finally and most importantly, be patient.

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