If you are writing a plan to ensure that your students will be successful, you will want to make sure that your goals are based on the student's past performance and that they are stated positively. Goals/statements must be relevant to the student's needs. Start slowly, choosing only a couple of behaviors at a time to change. Be sure to involve the student, this enables him/her to take responsibility and be accountable for his/her own modifications. Be sure to provide some time to enable the student to track and or graph his/her successes.
To Focus and Sustain Attention in an Instructional Setting:
Ensure that the student is close to the source of information.
Keep distractions to a minimum and demonstrate/model strategies to cope with classroom distractions. (This may involve some role-playing.)
Establish a cue/prompt to ensure you have the student's attention prior to starting. (This could be a touch on the shoulder, saying the studen'ts name etc.)
The student will repeat directions or instructions on a regular basis.
1 to 1 instructions/directions will happen as is necessary.
The student will use organizers for lessons - main points, subheadings, materials needed etc.
Peer facilitation will be used.
Established consequences will be in place for the lack of attention given during instructional times.
When the student is not focusing - he/she will enter a note in his/her behavior journal stating the inappropriate behavior.
Write goals that can be measured, be specific as to the duration or the circumstance under which the goal will be implemented and use specific time slots when possible. Remember, once the IEP is written, it is imperative that the student is taught the goals and fully understands what the expectations are. Provide him/her with tracking devices, students need to be accountable for their own changes.